Salal is an attractive, evergreen, small shrub that displays profuse, delicate, white and pink, bell-shaped flowers accented by glossy, dark green foliage. The abundant, dark purple, blueberry-size berries ripen in late summer and are juicy, sweet and tasty. Good for fresh eating and drying, they also make tasty jam and preserves. A very valuable food source for millennia in the Pacific Northwest. Salal grows in full sun or partial shade on the coast and in partial shade in warmer, interior regions.
Latin Name: Gaultheria shallon
Site and Soil: Likes 1/2 day to full sun on the coast, partial shade in warmer, interior regions and acidic, well-drained soil.
Pollination Requirements: Salal is self-fertile
Hardiness: This evergreen shrub is hardy to minus 10° F.
Bearing Age: 2-3 years after planting
Size at Maturity: 4-6 ft.
Bloom Time: Spring
Ripening Time: September
Yield: 2-3 pints
Pests & Diseases: This Northwest native is not bothered by pests or diseases
USDA Zone: 6
Sunset Western Zone: 4-7, 14-17
Sunset Northeast Zone: Not listed