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Osmia lignaria propinqua, or Blue orchard Mason Bees, are non-aggressive bees that live in solitary nesting tubes. They are smaller than honeybees and do not live in hives. Mason bees are excellent pollinators, demonstrating 95% pollination success compared to honey bees, which typically pollinate about 5% of the flowers they visit in a day. Also, they are cold hardy and resistant to disease as long as their homes are kept clean, so they are easy to maintain year after year. Click this link to read about Purchasing our live Mason Bees.
If your trees are flowering:
Remove the container from the shipping package, and place the box of bees near their new homes outside. If your bee house has an “attic” to place the bees, then you can set the box on the shelf with the lid open, or make a 5/16” hole on the side of the box. You can also use tape to attach the bee box to the bottom of your nesting block, with the lid open. Generally, it takes one to four days above 55º F for the bees to begin emerging. You can purchase our Mason Bee Kit which includes the House and nesting block. There are also many DIY examples of mason bee homes too!
If you are keeping the bees dormant:
If it is not time for your bees to hatch, you can place the mason bee box in a cool, dark place to keep them dormant, such as a garage that stays between 40°F-50°F or a refrigerator.
Choose a place with shelter from the wind and rain, out of reach from pets and small children. Hang the house so that the tubes are horizontal. Placing the nest within 200 to 300 feet from a nectar source is important because mason bees do not travel long distances.
Mason bees like morning sun during their active stage, between March and early June. During the summer they need shade while the larva are hatching in the tubes. Good spots for placing nests are close under the eaves of the east facing side of a house, or 5-8 feet high on a solid branch of a deciduous tree.
Adult bees stop foraging by early summer, and so you will stop seeing bee activity in the garden. The cocoons that have been laid inside the nesting boxes will mature over the summer until they are fully developed as adults by the fall. The adults overwinter inside the cocoon. Care can be taken to ensure higher emergence of young bees in the spring by protecting the developing larvae, and harvesting and cleaning the cocoons.
STORING NESTING TUBES AND BLOCKS (July to August)
Blocks and tubes can stay outside, but you can have better population growth if you move the nesting tubes or boxes to a protected storage area to prevent predators from feeding on the developing bees. They can be placed inside a sealed paper bag or cardboard box protected from mice, or in a plastic container with ventilation holes. They need a well-ventilated space with summer warmth to fully develop (like a garage or shed).
HARVESTING COCOONS (October to November)
Cocoons can be removed from the nesting block or tube, being careful not to damage the adult bee inside. Stacked trays can be taken apart, and the cocoons removed using a flat head screwdriver to gently scrape the hole. Cardboard and paper tubes can be carefully sliced open and peeled apart.
One method for cleaning the cocoons is to “wash” them with sand. Use your hands to lightly mix or stir the cocoons in a bowl containing dry sand. The sand rubbing against the cocoon dislodges mites, mud particles, pollen, and frass (the larva’s excrement). Use a screen or strainer to separate the cocoons from the sand. Place cleaned cocoons in a container with air holes in a cool, dark environment with 60-70% humidity (you can use a household refrigerator).
In case of extreme mite damage, the cocoons can be rinsed in a bleach solution. For 1 to 2 minutes, swirl the cocoons in a bowl filled with 5% bleach solution (1 tablespoon of household bleach into 8 cups of cool water). Place cocoons on a screen or towel and allow them to dry thoroughly before storing.