Black Republican Cherry Tree
A parent of Bing Cherry, Black Republican Cherry Tree is produces large, sweet, dark red fruit that is prized for its intense Black Cherry flavor. Well adapted to our Northwest growing conditions, Black Republican bears abundant crops and is still grown commercially. This special variety was introduced in 1860 by Seth Lewelling, one of two brothers who were largely responsible for founding Oregon’s nursery industry. A Quaker and an Abolitionist, Seth Lewelling named this fruit in honor of those called Black Republicans, members of the Republican Party who opposed slavery.
Latin Name: Prunus avium
Site and Soil: Cherries like 1/2 day to full sun and well-drained soil.
Rootstock Description: Colt is considered a semi-dwarf rootstock which produces trees about 80% of standard size. Colt is adapted to most soils and is hardy, vigorous, productive, and forms a well-branched tree. Sweet Cherries on Colt rootstock can grow to 12-15 ft. in height.
Pollination Requirements: Black Republican Cherry requires another Sweet Cherry variety nearby for pollination.
Hardiness: Black Republican is hardy to minus 20°F. or below.
Bearing Age: 2 – 3 years after planting.
Size at Maturity: 12-15 ft. in height.
Bloom Time: Early April
Ripening Time: July
Yield: 50+ lbs.
Pests & Diseases: Bacterial Canker can damage Cherry trees. Symptoms of bacterial canker are dead branches and bronze colored exudation on branches or trunk. Apply a fall and winter copper spray to help prevent damage from this disease. To repel birds, you can cover your trees with netting or use flash tape to scare them away.
USDA Zone: 5
Sunset Western Zone: 2, 6-9,14, 15
Sunset Northeast Zone: Varies