Sechuan Pepper is a unique and beautiful shrub that produces Sechuan Peppers, a key ingredient in Chinese cuisine. While it is called a pepper it is actually more closely related to citrus than to true peppercorns or hot chili peppers. The young shoots, flowers, berries, and seeds of this plant are all used in making unique and delicious spices and the plants themselves are absolutely beautiful with their knobby branches and contorted architecture. Grows well in full sun to nearly full shade so long as soils are kept moist. Pair Sansho (male) with Sechuan (female) for peppercorns.
Latin Name: Zanthoxylum simulans
Site and Soil: Szechuan like 1/2 day to full sun and well-drained soil.
Pollination Requirements: Dioecious, male and female plants needed for fruit set. Pair Sansho (male) with Sechuan (female) for peppercorns.
Hardiness: Szechuan is hardy to minus 10º F.
Bearing Age: 2-3 years after planting
Size at Maturity: 8-15 ft. in height
Bloom Time: Late Spring/Early Summer
Ripening Time: Late Summer/Early Fall
Yield: 1-2 lbs.
Pests & Diseases: Szechuan Pepper is not bothered by pests or diseases.
USDA Zone: 6
Sunset Western Zone: 6-9, 14-17
Sunset Northeast Zone: 31, 32, 34-41