Cortland Apple Tree
One of the first McIntosh crosses, Cortland Apple Tree features that familiar vinous Mac flavor, crimson skin and bright white flesh with a slightly larger fruit than McIntosh. Cortland bears heavily each year and is very popular for fresh eating, especially in salads as the fruit does not brown quickly when exposed to air.
Help your bare roots grow with the Transplanting Bundle found here.
Latin Name: Malus domestica
Site and Soil: All apples like 1/2 day to full sun and well-drained soil.
M-7 is considered a semi-dwarf rootstock growing 12-16 ft. in height. M-7 is very hardy and adapted to most soils. Vigorous, drought tolerant, and well anchored, trees on M-7 should not require staking.
M-26 is considered a dwarf rootstock, growing 8-12 ft. in height. M-26 induces early bearing, usually in 2-3 years after planting, and grows well in most soils, except very wet and poorly drained ones. On windy sites, trees grafted on M-26 may need staking.
Hardiness: Hardy to minus 30° F or below.
Bearing Age: 2-3 years after planting
Size at Maturity: Dwarf 8-12ft. / Semi-dwarf 12-16 ft.
Pollination Requirements: All apples need another variety nearby for pollination. Neighboring trees often offer sufficient pollen for good fruit set. Consider Mason Bees to help pollinate and increase fruit production.
Bloom Time: April
Ripening Time: Early August
Yield: 30-50 lbs.
Pests & Diseases: Cortland Apple Tree can be affected by Apple Scab although it is considered resistant. Apple Scab is more prevalent in regions with wet springs, like we have in the Pacific Northwest. While it doesn’t seriously affect the eating quality of the fruit, it can cause black spots on the apples and foliage. Apple Scab can be controlled by sulfur and other sprays. Codling Moth can create wormy apples and aphids can damage the foliage of apple trees.
USDA Zone: 4
Sunset Western Zone: 1-9, 14-16
Sunset Northeast Zone: All zones