Bergamot Citrus Tree
Best known as the flavoring in Earl Grey Tea, Bergamot Citrus fruit resembles an orange in shape, but is yellow like a lemon. Sweeter than a lemon, it is prized for its fragrant and delicious juice, which also makes highly regarded marmalade.
Latin Name: Citrus bergamia
Site and Soil: In spring, summer and fall, keep your potted Citrus in a location with 1/2 day to full sun. In the winter, place your plant in a well-lit room. Potting soil should be coarse, acidic, and well-drained.
Rootstock Description: Flying Dragon is a hardy and very dwarfing rootstock for Citrus that induces very early flowering and fruit production. Trees grown on Flying Dragon will rarely exceed 5 ft. in height and will often produce fruit the year they are planted.
Pollination Requirements: Bergamot is self-fertile. You can help it set fruit by taking a small brush and moving pollen from flower to flower.
Hardiness: Bergamot Citrus should be hardy to at least 30° F. We recommend moving it to a well-lit and protected location in the fall before frosts occur.
Bearing Age: 1-2 years after planting
Size at Maturity: 3-5 ft. in height
Bloom Time: Winter to early spring
Ripening Time: November to January
Yield: 40-50 fruit
Pests & Diseases: While outside, Citrus plants will likely not be bothered by insect pests. Be on the lookout for slugs. Indoors, Citrus can have mites and/or aphids. Watch carefully for any problems and treat with an insecticidal soap or wash them off. We have not seen any disease problems on our Citrus varieties.