The Catnip Nepeta cataria. Hardy perennial feline euphoric and human medicinal.
Catnip Nepeta cataria
Nepeta cataria, commonly known as catnip, catswort, or catmint, is a species of the genus Nepeta in the familyLamiaceae, native to southern and eastern Europe, the Middle East, central Asia, and parts of China. It is also widely naturalized in northern Europe, New Zealand, and North America. The common name catmint can also refer to the genus as a whole. The names catnip and catmint are derived from the intense attraction most cats have towards them.
Nepeta cataria is a short-lived herbaceous perennial, growing 20–39 in tall and wide. It resembles a typical mint family member in appearance by having the characteristic square stem that members of the Lamiaceae plant family have, but with brown-green foliage. The coarse-toothed leaves are triangular to ovate.
The small bilabiate flowers can be white and finely spotted with pale purple or pink. They are showy and fragrant. The plant blooms from late spring through autumn.